From The Vaults

How Do We Judge The Robustness of Our Constitutional Republic?

What is the condition of the health of our republic? By what criteria should we evaluate its vitality?

Ten years ago, I made a little speech to a Kiwanis Club and asked my listeners to answer this question: “On a scale of 0 – 100%, to what degree is our government of, by and for the people?” The average of the answers was 55%.  The attendees at that meeting agreed that our republic has a long way to go to realize its potential and that overall the vitality of our republic is weak. I’d bet, here ten years later, that same group now would give an even lower score.

Faith in the strength of our republic seems in sharp decline. Opinion can change quickly. What is needed is an objective system of evaluation that doesn’t rely on opinion. Science has identified thousands of objective indicators of health in the human system — through blood chemistry, body imaging, etc. There’s not much disagreement among scientists as to the validity of these indicators. Similarly, we need a scientific approach to understanding and evaluating the health of our constitutional republic.

We need to find criteria for system evaluation that has wide agreement. I want to create a 1000 point system of republic evaluation that becomes widely accepted as valid. I’m thinking of calling it the “Bock Scale Of Republic Robustness” (BSRR). A congressional district could be scored each year and over time the change in the constitutional health of the district could be monitored. This idea needs to be thought through but, here is my initial list of criteria:

  • Percentage of citizens who vote in general elections
  • Percentage of citizens who vote in primaries
  • Amount of competition in primaries
  • The number of active members in political party organizations
  • The degree to which political party organizations operate as small-d democracies
  • The attendance at city council and school board meetings
  • The number of citizens who are active in civic organizations
  • The number of “town halls” and candidate discussions / debates / forums
  • The percentage of citizens engaged in town halls, etc.
  • The percentage of citizens engaged in neighborhood organizations.
  • The quality and availability of civics education, youth and adult
  • The opportunities for meaningful service to community
  • The degree of transparency of elected boards and elected officials at every governmental level
  • Opportunities for meaningful contact and conversation between diverse individuals and groups.

Notice that none of the BSRR criteria are partisan. They are all non ideological. I’m thinking that within the citizenry there is a core group that is being drawn to nonpartisan activism aimed at increasing the health of the republic, aimed at getting the system to work as it should. Nonpartisan action aimed at improving or securing the common good, aimed at strengthening the republic, is the essence of patriotism. There seems a growing passion for the expression of such patriotism. What is needed is a means to channel that passion into practical work and actions that result in big increases in the BSRR.


TV Ads Are Urging Dayton Voters To Encourage Congressman Mike Turner To Destroy Obamacare 

America First Policies (AFP), a nonprofit organization, is running a 30 second ad on Dayton TV stations that declare that “Obamacare is a disaster” and that urges voters to thank Congressman Mike Turner “for his courage and for standing with President Trump to repeal Obamacare now.” Here is the text of the ad:

Obamacare is a disaster: premiums up, care down. Americans forced into plans we don’t want and can’t afford. It’s going to get worse. That’s why Congressman Mike Turner is taking on Nancy Pelosi, standing firm opposing Obamacare. Congressman Turner is taking on special interests and keeping his promise to the voters to repeal Obamacare.  Call Congressman Turner. Thank him for his courage and for standing with President Trump to repeal Obamacare now.

AFP is a 501C(4) tax exempt organization and as such is not required to reveal its donors. It was started by six of Donald Trump’s top campaign aides and its purpose is to back the White House agenda.

According to a comment on the You-tube page, Congressman Turner released this statement concerning the ad:

“Thank you for contacting me to express your views on Obamacare. The ad you saw on television is not mine; it was put out by America First Policies, a nonprofit created to generate support for the President’s policy initiatives. “While I support the repeal of Obamacare, and its replacement with a plan that ensures affordable health coverage for all Americans, I opposed the American Healthcare Act, the replacement bill sponsored by House Speaker Paul Ryan (R-WI) and the Trump administration. After numerous discussions with the White House and the Speaker’s office, in an attempt to improve this legislation, I could not support the bill as written. It not only fails to reduce insurance premiums and control costs, it would leave our most vulnerable citizens, including persons with serious health conditions and those who are victims of the opioid crisis that continues to plague the Dayton region, without the health coverage they currently receive. The opposition to this bill from me, and several of my like-minded colleagues, forced the Speaker to pull the legislation from the House Floor. I cannot support any plan to replace Obamacare that would put at risk the health benefits of residents in Ohio’s Tenth Congressional District. “My guiding principles with respect to healthcare reform are to lower costs, and provide to affordable access to insurance coverage for all Americans. The House bill failed to meet this standard. Therefore, I could not support it. I will continue to work with my colleagues in a bipartisan effort to enact healthcare reforms that ensure that patients receive the care they need, at an affordable cost.”


Note To Fred Strahorn: To Fix Our Republic, We Need To Build An Infrastructure Of NonPartisan Civic Communities

Fred Strahorn, representative for OHD-39.  (This pic was taken from Fred's Facebook page.)

Fred Strahorn, representative for OHD-39. (This pic was taken from Fred’s Facebook page.)

I had an opportunity to have a short conversation recently with Fred Strahorn who represents Ohio House District 39 — most all of Dayton. I first met Fred a number of years ago when he spoke at the dedication of the Vietnam Memorial and gave special mention to my childhood friend, Guy LaPointe, who lost his life in Viet Nam and won the Congressional Medal of Honor. I was impressed by Fred’s words and spirit at that time, and Fred evidently has had a positive impact on a lot of Ohio Democrats. Fred is the leader of the 33 Democrats in the Ohio House. (There are 66 Republicans.) This is the email that I sent to Fred.

Fred — Enjoyed our conversation and the purpose of this email is to expand on the theme I started to develop.

I agree with you that we need to think in terms of systems. (My interview with W. Edwards Deming is here and here.) Our republic is a system as outlined in our constitution. The mission of this system is to produce a government of, by and for the people. As it is, our republican system is in dysfunction and is far from realizing its mission.

Extreme partisanship and sharp divisions encumber the system. The system is being controlled by what separates us, not what unites us. Increased partisanship will not help. Quite the opposite. A long-term answer to fixing our system will require a big increase in nonpartisanship, cooperation and unity within the system — more peace, love, and understanding.

Groups that have found a way to excel often are good models of nonpartisanship and cooperation. Such groups owe their success to the fact that they are organized as communities where members know and have affection for each other, where everyone has a voice and where everyone is seeking to advance a common purpose. Families, churches, clubs, schools and businesses where members are empowered in such a community demonstrate cooperation, unity, harmony — and success.

My observation is that there is a big lack of civic communities — groups of citizens who are focused on giving service to their local towns and cities — and that establishing such groups would be one strategy for increasing cooperation and unity in the system. The idea is that these communities would have a civic purpose that would unite its members regardless of views or politics that would divide them. Politics is all about building relationships and within a relationship political views that are seemingly unreconcilable have less power.

My thought is that the current energy of charged politics should be channeled into building civic communities. My POV comes from education and my thought is that the mission that could unite individuals of diverse views and backgrounds is the mission to increase theirs and the public’s understanding of civics. “Understanding” is a very big concept and a huge goal. The idea is to create groups of citizens who are committed to working together as a community advancing a common purpose. Part of that purpose would be to understand each other’s points of view. The idea is that such groups — seeking to act as civic communities — would have such a positive purpose and impact that they would be encouraged and supported by churches.

Anyway, this is a little more explanation of topics in our conversation. My conclusion is that To Fix Our Republic, We Need To Build An Infrastructure Of NonPartisan Civic Communities. I’m thinking through a specific proposal that I will share with you soon and then we’ll have more to talk about.


Message to Tom Perez: The Democratic Party Is An Oligarchy — It Must Reorganize and Become “The Party of The People”

As part of a fund raising campaign, the new leader of the Democratic Party, Tom Perez, sent this email message to Democrats, “Over the last couple of months, I’ve talked with party leaders, local officials, and supporters like you all across the country. And like many of you, when it comes to how we build a Democratic Party for the future, I have as many questions as I have answers. That’s why I want to hear from you today, Mike: what do you think our priorities should be? What are the most urgent challenges we need to meet?

Mr. Perez:

Building a strong Democratic Party requires systems’ thinking.The success of every system depends on these two factors:

  • a well defined mission and
  • an organizational structure thoughtfully designed to best accomplish that mission.

Please reconsider your words about mission. You are quoted in The Blaze as saying, “The DNC’s mission has to be to elect people up and down the ballot — from the school board to the senate.” You would not consider it adequate for a GM spokesperson to say, “The GM mission is to make a lot of money for our stockholders.” The mission that the leaders of GM advertise is that the mission of GM is to produce high quality automobiles at a competitive price. The outcome of successfully advancing that mission is selling cars and making money. Electing Democrats should be the outcome of a successful mission — not the mission itself.

If “electing Democrats” is not an adequate mission, then what is? In the same Blaze article you state,  “The message of economic opportunity — jobs, good jobs, retirement security — that’s a message that resonates in every zip code.”  Yes, but Republican candidates have the same message — evidently delivered more effectively.

Here is a daring thought: Suppose the Democratic Party becomes dedicated to actually being the party of the people. Right now, the notion that we are the party of the people is contradicted by the fact that the Democratic Party is still organized like the Republican Party — as a “political boss,” oligarchic system. In Ohio our party chairmen, David Pepper, was elected by a committee of 148 insiders — only 66 members of the group were directly elected in a Democratic Primary — regardless that 1.3 million Ohio Democrats regularly vote in Primaries. It’s pretty laughable that the Ohio Democratic Party wants to send every Ohio Democrat who donates money to the ODP a “membership card,” but this card gives the holder no vote, no say-so, in the party organization.

Rather than saying, “The DNC’s mission has to be to elect people up and down the ballot,” I’d like the leader of the party to emphasize that the DNC’s mission is to strengthen the structure of our democratic republic. I’d like to hear our leader say that political parties have a big role to play in empowering citizens so that their government is truly of the people, for the people and that the Democratic Party is changing its organization structure so that ordinary Democrats are in charge of the party — not the insiders, not the big-money people.

Oligarchy was once defended as the only practical method of making decisions because difficult transportation and slow methods of communication hindered the effective use of large groups. But now, Ohio could have a Democratic Party of thousands or hundreds of thousands of individuals all connected through the internet and this party could function as an on-line deliberative democracy.

The party’s 2016 platform included these words, “Cooperation is better than conflict, unity is better than division, empowerment is better than resentment, and bridges are better than walls. It’s a simple but powerful idea: We are stronger together.” Yes, but these are just words, words, words without an organizational structure that gives meaning to those words. Right now, the Democratic Party is an oligarchy, much like the Republican Party.  It should be the party controlled by the people. The organizational structure of the Democratic Party that could accomplish that mission would be one that would empower many more people, one focused on the local level and focused on engaging and informing the public.  My suggestion is that as chairman of the party that you find county organizations that are exemplary in empowering and engaging Democrats as voters and participants in the local organization and that you publicly praise such groups and encourage other county groups to emulate these exemplary counties.

The Democratic Party should be inspired by the vision and should rise to the challenge that its transcendental mission is to promote and empower democracy. If the Party could actually fulfill such a mission — by abandoning it oligarchic structure and by educating the public, and by facilitating opportunities for political participation — then, of course, Democrats would win elections in droves.



Note To Hoy:  My FB Actions Are A Feeble Attempt To Respond To Trump’s Big Wake-Up Call

My church friend from years ago, Hoy Fellure, posted this message on Facebook in response to my article: The Trump Has Sounded: “I’m concerned about you Mike. Your daily negative post about our President is over the top. You hardly ever posted anything on FB until after the election in November. Now you are relentless in opposing the actions by President Trump. May I suggest that you promote the positive points of the Democrat Party and how it can improve the conditions of America instead of the so called negative points of the Republican Party.”

Hoy — you are correct that recently I’ve been very active on FaceBook. Below are my posts from just the last two weeks. None of this is “fake news.” It is all mainstream news. This is not stuff I’m making up. I get that you may be irritated that I’m filling your Facebook feed with material that you’d rather not see. But this is a pretty good record of what I’ve read that I think is worthy of sharing.

Posting items on Facebook is a pretty feeble way of “opposing the actions of President Trump.” But when Trump’s actions are focused on destroying the ACA or funding private prisons, or appointing billionaire cabinet members whose agenda is to destroy their agencies, or denying climate change — even feeble opposition is better than no opposition.

You are failing to understand the urgency of my point of view that the election of Donald Trump is a huge wake-up call that our democratic republic is in a dangerous state of dysfunction. The tires are coming off. That someone like Donald Trump, a person of his values and history, could be elected president is shocking — as Mitt Romney and George H and George W Bush and many other reputable Republicans all emphasized prior to November 8. Now, for forty days and forty nights, Trump has been reminding us again and again how truly shocking it is that such a man should become president.

I get that you want to normalize Trump’s election. You need to consider why many people see his election as shocking and why so many are looking for an effective response. In my POV, the only hope I can see is for a revival of the citizenry — a great civic awakening. You are assuming that my flurry of posting on Facebook and my comments on FB are all about pushing a partisan point of view — that I’m all about advancing the Democratic Party. Wrong. My point is that we need to be pro-democracy, not pro-Democratic Party, nor pro-Trump. We need to create civic harmony, not civic division. In my “The Trump Has Sounded” post, I wrote: “The big question is: What is the root cause of our republic being so weak? Here is the sad fact: our democratic republican system of self-government is dysfunctional because it is lacking the informed and engaged citizenry that it needs in order to function as it should.”

Thanks for you concern for me. As Christians we need to pray for each other. All Christians need to find a way to work together to strengthen our citizenry so that our republican system of government will begin to work as it should. Partisan politics is destroying us. We need to find a common ground from which to work. I’m thinking that what should unite Christians is our sense of community. How could our Christian values unite us as a community — a community devoted to making our republican system work as it should. Here is a good question that I am dithering with: How can Christians transcend partisanship and work together to build community? How can Christians work together to make politics emerge from communities that are guided by Christian values?

These are the twenty-five posts I’ve made on FB in just the last two weeks. I can see why Hoy may be irritated that I’m flooding his feed with material he’d rather not see. Only four of these articles — shown in bold — were written by me and posted on my website The other articles are from mainstream news like the Washington Post or the New York Times. You can find the links to these articles on my Facebook page here:

  1. The Trump Has Sounded — Will The Dead Be Raised Incorruptible?
  2. Trump Embraces ‘Enemy of the People,’ a Phrase With a Fraught History
  3. AP fact check: Trump claims Affordable Care Act covered ‘very few’ people
  4. Under Mr. Trump, Private Prisons Thrive Again
  5. Bannon Admits Trump’s Cabinet Nominees Were Selected To Destroy Their Agencies
  6. Trump’s Big Agenda — Privatize Everything In sight
  7. Eulogy For My Friend: Rosie Hardin
  8. ACTION ITEM — Mail postcards to Paul Ryan
  9. ‘Medicare for All’ Only Way For Trump To Keep Healthcare Promises
  10. Should Bannon Resign? He and Milo Fake-Newsed Hillary As Pedophile
  11. 100 days of Trump claims
  12. Note to William Wild: Build Structures Outside of Public Schools To Bring Excellence In Civics
  13. Mandel defends spending $1.3 million in public money on TV ads
  14. Humans causing climate to change 170 times faster than natural forces
  15. Don’t Dismiss Trump’s Attacks on the Media as Mere Stupidity
  16. Kasich: It’s a ‘bad idea’ to phase out Medicaid expansion
  17. Climate Change Denial is the Original Fake News
  18. Quit Calling Donald Trump and Isolationist. He’s worse than that.
  19. Senate vote to repeal transparency rule for oil companies
  20. China grants Trump a trademark he’s been seeking for a decade
  21. Trump Science Adviser Candidate Calls Climate Science a “Cult”
  22. Robertson: Opposition To Trump Is ReVolt Against God
  23. Trump lots keep Palestinians Stateless forever
  24. Congress Says, Let the Mentally Ill Buy Guns
  25. America Needs A Great Civic Awakening